EPC requirements in Scotland

If you are a landlord of a privately rented property, chances are you will have heard about The Energy Efficiency (Domestic Private Rented Property (Scotland) Regulations 2020* and that under these regulations, from 1 October 2020, a private rented property will need an EPC rating of at least E when a new tenancy starts.

And if you haven’t, or you’re thinking of becoming a landlord in the private rented sector, this blog is for you as we take a look at everything you need to know about EPC requirements in Scotland.

But before we get started, make a note of these three key dates in your diary!

  • 31 March 2022 – by 31 March 2022, all properties will need to have at least EPC band E
  • 1 April 2022 – from 1 April 2022, any new tenancy will require the property to have an EPC of at least band D
  • 31 March 2025 – by 31 March 2025, all properties will need to have at least EPC band D

* The Energy Efficiency (Domestic Private Rented Property (Scotland) Regulations 2020 were due to come into force on 1 April 2020, but the launch has been delayed due to Covid-19 crisis

What is an EPC?

An EPC – Energy Performance Certificate – assesses the energy efficiency of a property on a scale from A – G, with A being the most efficient and G being the least efficient.

Valid for 10 years, an EPC provides an indication of how much it will cost to heat and power a property and also includes recommendations of energy-efficient improvements, the cost of carrying them out, and the potential savings that each one could generate.

Why do I need an EPC?

Anybody letting (or selling) a property requires an EPC.

The particular relevance in Scotland is down to the Scottish Government being committed to ensuring that everyone in Scotland lives in a warm home that is affordable to heat, and it has therefore set minimum energy efficiency standards in the private rented sector to support this goal.

How do I get an EPC?

Properties let (or sold) after 4 January 2009 should already have an EPC.  You can find EPCs on the Scottish EPC Register: www.scottishepcregister.org.uk

If you got a Home Report when you bought the property, you can also find a copy of the EPC in that report.

What if my property doesn’t meet the standards?

Landlords who don’t comply with the EPC requirements in Scotland could find themselves with civil fines issued by the local authority.

How much will it cost me to bring my property up to the standard requirements?

This will depend entirely on the specifics of the property and how much of an improvement is required.

Home Energy Scotland offer free and impartial advice, as well as estimated costs: https://www.homeenergyscotland.org/

Is there any support available to help me improve my property?


Whilst, as a landlord, you are responsible for making improvements to your property, the Scottish Government does support landlords to make their property more efficient, cheaper to heat and warmer through interest-free loans and cashback grants.

You can find what funding is available through Home Energy Scotland here: https://www.homeenergyscotland.org/find-funding-grants-and-loans/